Articles from Journals and Magazines
- Experiments demonstrate clouds forming in the Classroom from Physics Education, 2012.
- Primary Geography article on Tornadoes in Your Classroom
- Catalyst article on Cloud Seeding
- Physics Education article on Making Clouds in the Classroom
- Physics Review article on Clouds
- Physics Review article on Waves in the Atmosphere
- Physics Review article on "Hot Times Ahead"
- A hole in the sky Science in School article on the ozone layer, by Tim Harrison and Dudley Shallcross.
- Clouds: puzzling pieces of climate Science in School article by Karen Ranero Celius.
- Practical demonstrations to augment climate change lessons Science in School article by Tim Harrison and Dudley Shallcross.
- Climate modelling in the classroom Science in School article by Tim Harrison and Dudley Shallcross.
- Is climate change all gloom and doom? Introducing stabilisation wedges Science in School article by Tim Harrison and Dudley Shallcross.
- Meteorology and Science inspire secondary science students School Science Review, December 2010.
Articles from Weather Magazine
- Meteorological phenomena in Western classical orchestral music Aplin and Williams, 2011.
- Light in the atmosphere: part 1, Bigg, 1997
- Light in the atmosphere: part 2, Bigg, 1997
- Light in the atmosphere - the Green Flash, P. Candy, 1997
Climate & Climate Change
- Making Sense of Weather and Climate, Sense about Science
- Something nasty in the Greenhouse, J. Lovelock, 2005 and responses Something Nasty in the Greenhouse
- The greenhouse effect:a closer look, I. Strangeways, February 2011.
- Projections of future climate change, Collins and Senior, 2002
- Observed climate variability and change, Folland et al, 2002
- Global and Regional Climate in 2007, J. Kennedy et al., 63
Extreme UK weather events
- Cloudburst upon Hendraburnick Down: The Boscastle storm of 16 August 2004, Burt, 60, 219-227
- The Boscastle flood: Meteorological analysis of the conditions leading to the flooding on 16 August 2004, Golding et al, 2005, 60, 230-235
- Boscastle 16 August 2004 the day of the flood, 2006, Galvin, 61, 29
- Damage to trees and woodlands in the storm of 15-16 October 1987, Quine, 1988
- The Storm of 15-16 October 1987: A personal experience, H.D.Lawes, 1988
- The Great Storm of 1987, Burt & Mansfield, 1988
- The storm, the Media and the Enquiry, J. Houghton, 1988
- The Burns day storm, 25 January 1990, McCallum, 1990
- Factors contributing to the 2003 summer European heatwave, Black et al, 2004
- The exceptional rainfall of 20 July 2007, Prior and Beswick, 2008
- An analysis of the extreme rainfall in Yorkshire, June 2007, and its rarity Edward Hanna, Julian Mayes, Mark Beswick, John Prior, Len Wood, 2008
- The Weather and Climate of the Tropics- Part 1, setting the scene, 62, 245-251
- The Weather and Climate of the Tropics - Part 7 - Tropical and Revolving storms, 63, 327-333
- The Weather and Climate of the Tropics - Part 9 - Climate, flora and fauna, 64, 100-107
- The Weather and Climate of the Tropics - Part 10 - Tropical Agriculture, 64, 156-161
- El Nino, Causes, consequences and solutions, Coghlan, 2002, 57, 209-215
- Hurricane Andrew, Rappaport, 1994, 49
- Hurricane Gilbert: Caribbean record breaker, L.A. Eyre, 1989
- Hurricane Hugo - September 1989 (a personal account), H. Whistler, 1990
- Fog - definitions and basic physics, W.T. Roach
- Lewis Fry Richardson's Forecast Factory - for Real, A Charlton-Perez and H Dacre, February 2011.
Urban Heat Islands
- The urban heat island in central London and urban related warming trends in central London since 1900, Jones & Lister, 2010, 12, 323-327
- Mapping Manchester's Urban Heat Island, Knight, Smith & Roberts, 2010, 12,
- Past and projected trends in London's urban heat island, Wilby, 2003, 58, 251-260
- Urban warming? An analysis of recent trends in London's heat island, Lee, 1992, 47. 50-55
- The synoptic climatology of Birmingham's urban heat island, 1965-1974, Unwin, 1980
- Observing an urban heat island by bicycle, Melhuish and Pedder, 1998
Weather magazine home page
Change, Global Warming, the Greenhouse Effect and Regional Climate
Other Useful background
- For free teaching resources on climate change for students
aged 11+ years, developed in partnership between the Royal
Meteorological Society, Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) and the
British Council. Includes the latest climate science and predictions
from climate experts with special focus on the climate of China,
Indonesia, Mexico, the UK, Chile, Bangladesh, Columbia, Argentina and Cuba.
- The Royal Meteorological Society's climate change teaching resources with links to AQA science GCSE can be found
- You can find 4 lessons to teach KS3 weather, climate, climate change and climate engineering here. The lesson plans, which are specifically linked to the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence, are full of ideas for experiments, debates etc.
- Climate change video conferences for schools from the Met Office (these video conferences also cover weather and weather forecasting).
- A resource that supports you to plan and deliver a cross-curricular collapsed-timetable event in your school about the science of climate change developed by the Science Museum for KS3. There is also background information from the Science Museum on climate change.
- An online, interactive lesson on climate change from NGfL Cymru and a newer version here for AS/A2 geography (with links to the WJEC specification). We recommend avoiding the 'controversies' sections which could be misleading.
- Look here for information from the Royal Society of
Chemistry and LearnNet on Climate Change. It is a flexible resource
aimed at 11-19 year olds.
- Your climate, your life webpage developed by RGS with
IBG and DEFRA for information on climate change, evidence, global
warming and carbon footprints aimed at A-Level students
- Some free BP resources aimed at KS2 http://www.bp.com/genericResource.do?categoryId=8042&contentId=7044215
- Teaching materials linked to GCSE/ AS/ A level physics from Physics and Ethics Education Project (PEEP).
- Teachers TV - the effects of climate change for KS3
geography, in verse! http://www.schoolsworld.tv/videos/degrees-of-change
- For the BCGI plants and climate change KS2 and KS3 activity
please see here:
change picture sheets for KS1
the Greenhouse lesson plan for KS1 with nice animation (from
British Gas) and weather assembly .
upd8 - beat the heat - interactive game for KS2 (subscription necessary).
upd8 - levels rising - activity related to melting ice sheets
for KS2 (subscription necessary).
- Climate change for KS2 from the Royal Meteorological Society
Cops (NPower) resources for KS1-3
Education Services (free registration) for KS2, BP
Climate Change online activities (free registration) KS3-5,
S1-6. See the BP climate and energy efficiency programme of teaching resources aimed specifically at the KS1 and KS2 science curriculum, but with cross curricular links to Geography and PSHE. Free resources include; starter activities, posters, online activity links, worksheets and stickers.
of the Earth (KS2)
Kids Crossing (KS2 - American site)
Change Schools Project (restricted access) - KS2/3 [excellent
curriculum linked resources]
States Environmental Protection Agency - KS2/3, American site
Windows to the Universe (American site) - KS2-4
Climate change - what will you do? - climate change
discussion exercise for KS3-4 'how science works'
climate futures - discussion exercise for KS3 'how science
TV Climate Change Timeline (KS3-4)
Climate Control game (designed for KS4)
- Department of Energy and Climate Change calculator which allows you to play around with some of the calculations, choices and trade offs that the UK could make make to meet its future emission targets.
Inconvenient Truth - DFES/ DEFRA guidance for using the Al
Gore film in KS3/ 4 teaching, or download the guidance notes here.
Climate Challenge game (not curriculum linked but suitable
Carbon Crisis online game (KS4,5 S3-6)
of Climate Prediction - interactive resource (KS4+). Contact us if you would like to use the individual animations.
KS1-4 links to other resources.
- Royal Society Guide to the Science of Climate Change (2010).
- A useful resource for graphics and animations for climate
change and climate change policy
- An Oxford university website explaining the basics of
climate and climate change in an animated and interactive presentation (individual animations are available on request from
- How to tackle climate change - BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/bloom/
- For the Guardian section on climate and climate change
please see here:
- Download climate change layers for Google Earth:Met
Office layer showing projections for the next century, with video clips
with more information here,
layer showing changes to the Antarctic ice over the past 60 years.
- For the Woodlands Trust Nature's Calendar; a survey of
vegetation changes through the season and in different climates and to
get involved please see:
- Look here for the Institute of Physics briefing note on
Uncertainty in Climate Predictions
of Climate Prediction
- From climate4classrooms:
do we make climate predictions?
cant we be sure what happened in the past?
are some aspects of climate harder to predict than others?
can we make a climate prediction when we cant forecast the weather for
arent climate predictions exact?
England Temperature record (1772 - current)
National climate reports
information for places around the world
- Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide measurements from Mauna
- Global temperature change
animation from the Met Office
predictions for UNDP countries
- Climate4classrooms climate data and projections for the UK,
Mexico,Indonesia, Bangladesh, Chile, Cuba, Argentina and Columbia.
Climate Projections for the 21st century
Panel on Climate Change
- Kyoto protocol background
- Kyoto protocol
- wikipedia - Kyoto
Review article on "HotTimes Ahead"
Sense of Weather and Climate, Sense about Science
- Also see the relevant articles
from the Royal Met Soc 'Weather' magazine (suitable for 16+)
Even the simplest of climate models are not trivial to use, and are
best suited to advanced students at KS4 and above.
Environment and Science Links
Extreme Weather, Weather Disasters and Tornadoes
- Royal Met Soc UK Extreme Weather resources for AS/ A2 Geography
- Royal Met Soc Extreme Weather resources for Geography AS/ A2 level, including tornadoes and hurricanes.
- Primary Geography article on Tornadoes in Your Classroom
- A GIS based resource from ESRI looking at tornadoes in the USA (type 'tornado' into the search box and select the lesson titled 'Investigating historical and 1 modern tornado').
- Teachers TV - the Great Storm of 1987 and severe Christmas weather.
- See 'Your climate, your life' webpage developed by RGS with IBG and DEFRA for information:
flooding, drought, storms, glacial melt and extreme weather fieldwork aimed at A-Level students
- For a list of disasters from 1950-2005, with articles and descriptions for each, see this link
- For a BBC animated guide to tornadoes see:
- For a BBC animated guide to hurricanes see:
- For a wild weather lesson plan please see:
- For an animated explanation of how tornadoes with Prof. Weather Extraordinaire, from curriculumbits.com please see:
- For an explanation of flood risk management and four case studies, from the Geographical Association see:
- For a description of the Barcelona floods in June 2000 by the Geographical Association please see:
- Listen again to the Radio 4 'Costing the Earth' programme about the Boscastle flood and 2003 heat wave on the link below:
- The Met Office introduction to extreme weather and some case studies of the 2005 Bodmin Snow, Hurricane Katrina, the Boscastle floods, the 2003 European heatwave, 1987 Storm, the 1952 London Smog, winter chills and floods.
- From climate4classrooms: Have the number of extreme events changed?, How do we think extreme events will change?
- WikiNews: Humans may have contributed to 2003 European heatwave
- A stunning satellite image of the UK on 7th January 2010 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8447023.stm
- For hands on and interactive activities aimed at KS2-3 students re. lightning, thunderstorms and tornadoes see:
- Also see the relevant articles from the Royal Met Soc 'Weather' magazine (suitable for 16+)
Global Atmospheric Circulation
Using ICT to teach the weather
Light in the Atmosphere: Seeing Rainbows
The Oceans and Oceanography
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion and Tropospheric Ozone Pollution
Atmospheric Structure and Composition
Tropical Climates and Hurricanes
Volcanoes, Weather and Climate
Weather and Weather Systems
- Google Earth weather layers including rainfall radar.
- Will it rain today? http://www.raintoday.co.uk/, http://goingtorain.com/.
- ArcGIS World Precipitation web viewer or Mapping our World (Indian rainfall only).
- The BBC weather pages:
- The Weather Observations Website (WOW) supported by the Met Office, Royal Meteorological Society and Department for Education.
- The latest information from the UK Met Office http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/, UK weather forecast , current radar image of rainfall, global current observations and archived data, including the Central England Temperature record (1772 - current), Europe weather forecast, and worldwide weather forecast
- xcweather current weather and forecasts for the UK.
- Map of current UK/ worldwide lightning strikes.
- The Norwegian Met Service has very nice 'Meteogram' style weather forecasts for various locations worldwide.
- For weather data for Hertfordshire for the last 10 years, with annual summaries and charts see:
- More weather data and information for the UK from metlink.co.uk(used to be Kent weather)
- Other, unverified, weather observations and images from Weather Underground http://www.wunderground.com/
- Latest shipping forecast for UK waters
- Current UK weather conditions from NOAA
- UK weather webcams
- Latest surface weather charts for Europe
- Current weather charts
- Archived weather charts for Europe
- European weather webcams
- Current worldwide weather conditions from NOAA
- Current global weather charts
- Worldwide weather webcams
- Roger Brugge's weather website
General Meteorology Links
Other Societies/organisations you might be interested in
Weather and Climate Resources using GIS